LEAP-On study

Follow-up from LEAP study, after both groups (eating and avoiding) told to avoid peanuts for 12 months. The rate of adherence to avoidance in the follow-up study was high (90.4% in the peanut-avoidance group and 69.3% in the peanut-consumption group). Peanut allergy at 72 months was significantly more prevalent among participants in the peanut-avoidance group than among those in the peanut-consumption group (18.6% [52 of 280 participants] vs. 4.8% [13 of 270].

[George du Toit, Gideon Lack in London, DOI: 10.1056/NEJMoa1514209]