Muscle breakdown with release of products into blood stream that can cause acute renal failure.
Typically occurs with crush injuries, sometimes seen with extreme endurance sports.
Can be infectious.
Recurrent seen with fatty acid oxidation disorders and Lipin 1 mutations.
Lipin 1 mutations
Autosomal recessive – heterozygotes may have exercise induced muscle symptoms or be prone to drug induced myopathy.
Basal CK high but spikes to over 100 000 with decompensation (infection, exercise, anaesthetic).
Treat crises with carbohydrates/intralipid.