[NICE guideline]

Ensure that healthcare professional and assistant available and trained, with resus and monitoring equipment available.  Should have a record of practical experience of sedation under supervision, WBAs etc.

Document informed consent.

Confirm time of last food and fluid – fasting not required for minimal sedation eg nitrous oxide, or where child will maintain verbal contact.  Else 2-4-6 fasting rule.

Prepare child and  family psychologically.

For painless procedure eg imaging, use choral (under 15kg), midazolam.  For painful procedures, use nitrous oxide, oral/IN midazolam +/- local anaesthetic.

If unsuitable, ketamine or IV midazolam (+/- fentanyl) – combination of opioid and ketamine requires anaesthetic training.