The majority of cases reported are non immediate reactions eg maculopapular rash, urticaria. The incidence of anaphylactic reactions is extremely low.
Less than 15% of those suspected of having macrolide allergy are finally confirmed as allergic, mainly by direct provocation testing.
Cross-reactivity between the different macrolides is variable and little information is available.
Current Opinion in Allergy and Clinical Immunology 14(4), August 2014, p 278–285. DOI: 10.1097/ACI.0000000000000069